D. J. Kaup, R. Oleson, T. L. Clarke, L. Malone, and L. Bölöni

Social Potential Models for Modeling Traffic and Transportation


Cite as:

D. J. Kaup, R. Oleson, T. L. Clarke, L. Malone, and L. Bölöni. Social Potential Models for Modeling Traffic and Transportation. In Ana L. C. Bazzan and Franziska Klügl, editors, Multi-Agent Systems for Traffic and Transportation, pp. 155–175, Information Science Reference, 2009.

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Abstract:

The ``Social Potential'', which we will refer to as the SP, is the name given to a technique of implementing multi-agent movement in simulations by representing behaviors, goals, and motivations as artificial social forces. These forces then determine the movement of the individual agents. Several SP models, including the Flocking, Helbing-Molnar-Farkas-Visek (HMFV), and Lakoba-Kaup-Finkelstein (LKF) models, are commonly used to describe pedestrian movement. A systematic procedure is described here, whereby one can construct and use these and other SP models. The theories behind these models are discussed along with the application of the procedure. Through the use of these techniques, it has been possible to represent schools of fish swimming, flocks of birds flying, crowds exiting rooms, crowds walking through hallways, and individuals wandering in open fields. Once one has an understanding of these models, more complex and specific scenarios could be constructed by applying additional constraints and parameters. The models along with the procedure give a guideline for understanding and implementing simulations using SP techniques.

BibTeX:

@incollection{Kaup-2009-SPF,
   author = "D. J. Kaup and R. Oleson and T. L. Clarke and L. Malone and L. B{\"o}l{\"o}ni",
   title = "Social Potential Models for Modeling Traffic and Transportation",
   booktitle = "Multi-Agent Systems for Traffic and Transportation",
   editor = "Ana L. C. Bazzan and Franziska Kl{\"u}gl",
   year = "2009",
   pages={155--175},
   publisher = "Information Science Reference",
   abstract = {
   The ``Social Potential'', which we will refer to as the SP, is the
   name given to a technique of implementing multi-agent movement in
   simulations by representing behaviors, goals, and motivations as
   artificial social forces. These forces then determine the movement of
   the individual agents. Several SP models, including the Flocking,
   Helbing-Molnar-Farkas-Visek (HMFV), and Lakoba-Kaup-Finkelstein (LKF)
   models, are commonly used to describe pedestrian movement. A
   systematic procedure is described here, whereby one can construct and
   use these and other SP models. The theories behind these models are
   discussed along with the application of the procedure. Through the
   use of these techniques, it has been possible to represent schools of
   fish swimming, flocks of birds flying, crowds exiting rooms, crowds
   walking through hallways, and individuals wandering in open fields.
   Once one has an understanding of these models, more complex and
   specific scenarios could be constructed by applying additional
   constraints and parameters. The models along with the procedure give
   a guideline for understanding and implementing simulations using SP
   techniques.
   }
}

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